Political Power of Donors via Ideas? Theoretical and Empirical Insights from a Network-based Belief Formation Model

Project: Promoting Participatory and Evidence-Based Agricultural Policy Processes in Africa
Contact: Christian Henning and Eva Krampe
Start: 04/2012
End: 03/2015
Finance: IFPRI/CAU
Content: Building on the discussion about the influence of donor organizations on policy choices in developing countries, we advance the understanding of the donor-recipient relation by developing a knowledge-based power index. Our power index explicitly considers the information exchange between donors and national governments in political communication networks, while classical approaches focus solely on the aid based power relationship. We assess the knowledge-based power of donors by incorporating the process of political belief formation within communication networks into a non-cooperative Baron-Ferejohn-type legislative decision-making model. Such a model allows to calculate the capacity of non-governmental organizations to determine policy positions of governmental actors and thereby final policy decisions though they do not possess formal legislative voting power. We also simulate policy decisions under real and assumed power distributions among agents. We apply the model empirically to analyze the political influence of relevant donor and stakeholder organizations regarding agricultural sector investment programs based on the principles of CAADP in Malawi and Ghana.
Region: Malawi, Ghana, Senegal, Uganda
Publications:
  • Eva Krampe and Christian H. C. A. Henning: Political Power of Donors via Ideas? Theoretical and Empirical Insights from a Network-based Belief Formation Model..
    Paper accepted for presentation at the 71st Annual National Conference of the Midwest Political Science Association (MPSA), Chicago, USA
Keywords: Political belief formation, political influence , policy networks, agricultural policy reform, CAADP
Approach: Policy network analyses
Data acquisition: Policy network surveys held in Malawi in 2010, in Ghana in 2012, in Uganda in 2012 and in Senegal in 2013